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Mandatory HMO licensing scheme came into force on 1 October 2018.

Under the new arrangements, all Houses in Multiple Occupation (HMOs) occupied by five or more people now need to be licensed.

The following information will help you to check if your property is classed a house in multiple occupation and needs to a licence.

Houses

A house occupied by 5 students (2 of whom are living together), who share a kitchen and bathroom.

Licensable because there are 5 occupiers in 4 households sharing basic amenities.

Two bedroom bungalow shared by 2 couples.

Not licensable because there are only 4 occupants.

A house owned and occupied by a couple with 2 children and a lodger, who shares the kitchen, living room and bathroom with the family.

Not licensable because although there are 5 people, where a landlord lives in the property his/her family unit counts as only 1 person.

Converted houses

Multi-storey house, with a self-contained basement flat occupied by the landlord and partner. Upper floors comprising 3 self-contained studio flats and 1 non self-contained (kitchen on landing, but not shared).

Licensable because there are at least 5 persons occupying the building in four separate households (landlord and family count as 1). If all flats had been self-contained the property would not be in scope

House converted into 2 non self-contained flats occupied by 2 couples and their 2 children. Each couple has a separate tenancy agreement. The families share amenities. One of the couples is the cousin of one of the other couple.

Not licensable because it is occupied by a single household by way of an extended family.

Multi-storey house converted into self-contained flats owned by separate leaseholders with long leases.

Individual flats may be in scope but only if they are occupied by 5 or more people from 2 separate households.

Flats above shops

A purpose built fish and chip shop with residential accommodation above which the owner lets out as 5 bedsits, with shared use of kitchen and bathroom.

Licensable because it is occupied by at least 5 people in at least 5 households, who share basic amenities.

Self-contained flat above 24 hour kebab shop. At least 6 occupiers sharing 3 bedrooms plus living room. All employed in the business and none pay rent.

Licensable because there are 6 occupiers sharing facilities. The fact that rent isn’t paid is not relevant because their occupation of the property is linked to their employment.

A 3 storey purpose built block of flats above a parade of shops comprising 10 self-contained flats. Five of those flats have been let out by their owners and 3 are in multiple occupation, all with at least 5 persons living in 2 or more separate households.

Not licensable because mandatory licensing does not apply to purpose built blocks with 3 or more self-contained flats.

Purpose built blocks

A purpose built development of 30 units, designed for singles and couples, comprising self-contained flats and studio flats and a number of non self-contained studio flats which have access communal kitchen/ diner facilities.

Licensable because although the development is purpose built, there is some sharing of facilities between different households. Purpose built blocks are only excluded where all flats are self-contained.

A flat on the sixth floor owned by a long leaseholder and let to 5 sharers in a 10 storey tower block of 30 flats.

Not licensable because mandatory licensing does not apply to purpose built blocks with 3 or more self-contained flats.