On 17 October 2022, an Avian Influenza Prevention Zone was declared by the Government across the whole of England. This was because of the increased number of cases of the disease across the country.

We are currently advising the following safety precautions across Torbay:   

  • Do not touch dead or sick wild birds  
  • Keep dogs away from the birds  
  • Do not feed wild birds 

Please remember that parts of the Torbay area are still within the Captive Birds Control Zone and now also a surveillance zone which requires record keeping and a high bio-security for bird owners. Please see full local and national advice for bird owners further down this page.

Reporting dead birds 

Report the dead birds to DEFRA if you find

  • one or more dead birds of prey or owl 
  • 3 or more dead gulls or wild waterfowl (swans, geese and ducks) 
  • 5 or more dead birds of any species 

  Report dead wild birds to DEFRA Opens in a new window

For dead wild birds on public and council land:

  • Once reported to DEFRA, contact SWISCo for removal.
  • Dead birds on public or council land below the DEFRA threshold can also be reported directly to SWISCo.
  • The contact number for SWISCo is 01803 701310 (Option 4 - Street Cleansing) or report by email to avianflu@swisco.co.uk

For dead wild birds on private land including gardens:

  • DEFRA may collect some of these birds and test them to help understand how the disease is distributed geographically and in different types of birds.
  • Calls to the DEFRA helpline about dead wild birds are triaged and not all birds will be collected.
  • Wild birds are susceptible to a range of diseases and injuries and not all dead birds will have been infected with avian influenza.
  • Once reported to DEFRA, please report it to the landowner.
  • If you find a dead bird on your property and DEFRA is unable to remove it, please follow DEFRA’s guidance on how to safely dispose of it
  • If dead wild birds are not needed for avian influenza surveillance purposes and landowners have taken the decision to remove carcasses, it is the landowner’s responsibility to safely arrange disposal of the carcasses.
  • Landowners are responsible for any costs associated with the removal and disposal of dead wild birds.

Reporting sick birds

Contact the national RSPCA number on 0300 123 4999 for sick birds and they will process, risk assess and dispatch staff accordingly. However, the response time may vary depending on demand given the scale of the outbreak.

Risk to humans

Avian influenza can be transmitted to humans, although the risk is very low and contact needs to be close and prolonged. However, the advice is that people should not touch dead or sick birds.

The Food Standards Agency's advice remains unchanged, that avian influenzas pose a very low food safety risk for UK consumers. Properly cooked poultry and poultry products, including eggs, are safe to eat.

Advice for bird owners

Local advice

Please remember that parts of the Torbay area are still within the Captive Birds Control Zone and now also a surveillance zone which requires record keeping and a high bio-security for bird keepers:

Details of Captive Birds Monitoring Control Zone near Paignton:

Details Surveillance Zone in parts of Torbay following a recent outbreak in Darington:

National Advice

All bird keepers (whether they have pet birds, commercial flocks or just a few birds in a backyard) are now required by law to take a range of precautions to protect their flocks. (Jeyes fluid is a Defra-approved disinfectant for Avian Influenza).

There are minimum requirements for all bird keepers to follow. If your birds are not housed, they must be kept in fenced/enclosed outdoor areas. Precautions include (amongst others): feeding birds under cover where wild birds cannot access, preventing access by captive birds to ponds and watercourses, and effectively cleansing and disinfecting any hardstanding surfaces in areas where birds are kept.

Further enhanced measures apply for premises with over 500 poultry or other captive birds.

Full details of what is required can be found on the Gov.uk website.

You can find a self-assessment checklist at the above link to help you put the measures in place, as well as more information about the virus.

You can keep up to date by regularly visiting the avian influenza section on the Gov.uk website, and by registering for email or text alerts

Remember that if you have poultry/captive birds it is your responsibility to keep updated on any outbreaks and an easy way to do this is by signing up for text notifications – register with the APHA alerts service

All bird keepers (whether you have pet birds, commercial flocks or just a few birds in a backyard flock) must keep a close watch on them for signs of disease and maintain good biosecurity at all times. If you have any concerns about the health of your birds, seek prompt advice from your vet.

You should register your poultry, even if only kept as pets so that we can contact you during an outbreak. This is a legal requirement if you have 50 or more birds. Poultry includes chickens, ducks, turkeys, geese, pigeons (bred for meat), partridge, quail, guinea fowl and pheasants.

Register your birds

If you have not already registered your birds or updated your contact details recently, we encourage you to register now, so we can contact you quickly if there is a disease outbreak in your area and you need to take action.

If you have more than 50 birds, you are legally required to register your flock within one month of their arrival at your premises. If you have less than 50 birds, including pet birds, you are still strongly encouraged to register.

Find out how to register your birds.

Report signs of disease

You must keep a close watch on your birds for any signs of disease, and must seek prompt advice from your vet if you have any concerns. If you suspect avian influenza you must report it immediately by calling the Defra Rural Services Helpline on 03000 200 301. Failure to do so is an offence.

How to spot avian influenza

There are 2 types of avian influenza.

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) is the more serious type. It is often fatal in birds. The main clinical signs of HPAI in birds (which can include any or a combination of the following) are:

  • sudden and rapid increase in the number of birds found dead
  • several birds affected in the same shed or air space
  • swollen head
  • closed and excessively watery eyes
  • lethargy and depression
  • recumbency and unresponsiveness
  • incoordination and loss of balance
  • head and body tremoring
  • drooping of the wings and/or dragging of legs
  • twisting of the head and neck
  • swelling and blue discolouration of comb and wattles
  • haemorrhages on the shanks of the legs and under the skin of the neck
  • loss of appetite or marked decrease in feed consumption
  • sudden increase or decrease in water consumption
  • respiratory distress such as gaping (mouth breathing), nasal snicking (coughing sound), sneezing, gurgling or rattling
  • fever or noticeable increase in body temperature
  • discoloured or loose watery droppings
  • cessation or marked reduction in egg production